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Alpha Lipoic Acid, the Universal Antioxidant

Alpha Lipoic Acid, the Universal Antioxidant

  • 11/16/2012 4:07:00 AM
  • View Count 3616
Majid Koozehchian, M.S.Alpha lipoic acid (ALA), also called thioctic acid, is an antioxidant that is commonly used as a dietary supplement, particularly in the Unites States. A unique characteristic of ALA is that, unlike other antioxidants such as vitamins C (water soluble) and E (fat soluble), ALA functions in both watery and fatty tissue environments. Besides serving as an antioxidant itself, ALA also restores other oxidized forms of antioxidants including vitamins C and E to their active sta...
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NATURE’S GATORADE: Effectiveness of Coconut Water on Electrolyte and Carbohydrate Replacement

NATURE’S GATORADE: Effectiveness of Coconut Water on Electrolyte and Carbohydrate Replacement

  • 10/26/2012 9:35:00 AM
  • View Count 51930
Kyle Levers, M.S. CSCSThe popularity of coconut water has increased significantly over the past decade due to its nutritional composition and rehydration capability. Natural coconut water is the clear liquid found inside of a young, green coconut, not to be confused with the white liquid typically squeezed from the coconut’s outer layer, known as coconut milk.  A growing number of nutritional advertisements promote the use of coconut water over other well-established sports drinks, su...
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Where “Wnt” The Bone!  Resistance Exercise Prevents Bone Loss

Where “Wnt” The Bone! Resistance Exercise Prevents Bone Loss

  • 10/26/2012 9:15:00 AM
  • View Count 2338
Brandon Macias, Ph.DThe estimated lifetime risks of an osteoporotic fracture are about 50% in women and 22% in men. Fractures in the elderly lead to large, often irreversible loss of quality of life and are associated with an increased risk of death. Furthermore, annual direct-care costs attributable to osteoporotic fractures are estimated to cost up to $18 billion in the United States. Most research to date has shown that regular weight bearing exercise helps preserve bone mineral density in po...
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Mighty Mouse: Understanding Myostatin

Mighty Mouse: Understanding Myostatin

  • 9/17/2012 7:06:00 AM
  • View Count 3505
Kevin Shimkus, B.S.As is well known, physical gains become slower and more difficult to achieve as athletes reach a more elite status.  For those involved in strength- and power-based sports, improvements in strength and mass eventually plateau, and even rigorous workout and nutritional prescriptions may yield only minimal increases.  So it is little surprise that many in the athletic world are starting to pay more attention to some very special mice.      &nbs...
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Six “Sexy” Lesson Plan Examined with the HECAT Guidelines

Six “Sexy” Lesson Plan Examined with the HECAT Guidelines

  • 8/20/2012 5:11:00 AM
  • View Count 2684
Brittany Rosen, Ph.D, CHESWhat guidelines help create an effective health education lesson plan impacting students’ behaviors? My study examined the content of six sexual health lesson plans, found online at the Advocates for Youth website. The lesson plans’ content was assessed using the Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) created by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The HECAT is a tool, with 14 guidelines, helping teachers develop clear and reliable heal...
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Beeting the Competition with Nitrates

Beeting the Competition with Nitrates

  • 8/20/2012 3:52:00 AM
  • View Count 2269
Julian Ong, MND, APDThe latest trend to hit the sports supplement industry stems from none other than the humble beetroot. This versatile root vegetable can be used in a variety of dishes and is well known for its rich content of healthful chemicals including betalains (antioxidants that are responsible for the deep red color), vitamins A and C, iron and other minerals, carotenoids, and dietary fiber. Recent research that is turning heads, however, examines its positive benefits on blood pressur...
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Using Soccer to Overcome Obstacles. A Sport-for-Homeless Success Story

Using Soccer to Overcome Obstacles. A Sport-for-Homeless Success Story

  • 8/13/2012 11:55:00 AM
  • View Count 8746
 Adam Cohen, Ph.D In sports, we often hear stories about the rise and fall of athletes. One minute they are on top of the world leading every highlight show, the next minute the game has passed them by and a new superstar has stolen their thunder. It is far less often that you hear about these athletes rising again. This is exactly what happened, in an extreme fashion, with Lisa, a former Division I soccer player who ended up homeless in Sacramento, CA. Lisa's resurrection through ...
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Compartment Syndrome: The Last True Orthopaedic Surgery Emergency?

Compartment Syndrome: The Last True Orthopaedic Surgery Emergency?

  • 8/13/2012 11:43:00 AM
  • View Count 3052
Brandon Macias, Ph.DCompartment syndrome is a serious condition that involves increased pressure in a muscle compartment. It can lead to muscle and nerve damage and problems with blood flow, according to the National Institutes of Health’s Medline. Compartment syndrome results from an abnormal elevation of intramuscular pressure (IMP) and can be mild, chronic, or acute.  Most compartment syndrome cases occur in leg muscles.  Mild chronic compartment syndrome can be treated w...
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ROLLING TOWARD RECOVERY: Theory of Self-Myofascial Release and Foam Rolling

ROLLING TOWARD RECOVERY: Theory of Self-Myofascial Release and Foam Rolling

  • 8/13/2012 11:26:00 AM
  • View Count 9544
Kyle Levers, M.S., CSCSThe repetitive and high performance demands surrounding athletes of all levels forces many to find the most effective, yet practical recovery methods.  Various types of massage therapies have been investigated and employed by many athletes due to the historical background in rehabilitation and relaxation.             A specialized type of massage used during post-exercise recovery is myofascial release. ...
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Exercise - Take Once Daily for Better Bone Health

Exercise - Take Once Daily for Better Bone Health

  • 8/13/2012 11:10:00 AM
  • View Count 1851
Ramon Boudreaux, M.S.It is often joked that if exercise could be given as a pill it would be the most prescribed drug in the world.  While some benefits of exercise are well known (e.g., the prevention of heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity), some remain esoteric. Osteoporosis, a condition in which bones lose density by an increase in porosity, is one such example.  Low density bones are at a much higher risk of fracture.  If one were to compare the architecture of a b...
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