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PPAR-delta, the New Potential Treatment for Metabolic Syndrome, May Be Produced by Your Own Body

  • 10/23/2011 10:16:00 AM
  • View Count 5492
Vincent C.W. Chen, B.S.Metabolic syndrome, a condition including insulin resistance (causing diabetes), obesity, hyperlipidemia (high blood lipids), hypertension, and heart disease, is mainly due to high fat diets and lack of physical activity. It has become a major health concern in modern society. Recently, a substance called PPAR-delta has been identified as a potential therapeutic remedy for the treatment of metabolic syndrome. PPAR-delta is the most abundant isoform among the three PPARs (p...
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The Power of Antioxidant Supplementation: Hype or Helpful?

The Power of Antioxidant Supplementation: Hype or Helpful?

  • 10/20/2011 7:00:00 AM
  • View Count 3341
Majid Koozehchian, M.S. In our bodies, oxygen constantly produces toxic substances called reactive oxygen species (ROS), also known as oxidants. Antioxidants, biomolecules that combat oxidant damage, are produced by the body and can also be taken in supplement form. Disruption of normal cellular function by ROS is termed oxidative stress, and can be considered an imbalance between ROS production and the body’s production of antioxidants, weighted on the oxidant side (Fig.1). Low level...
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The Female Athlete Triad: The Importance of Energy

The Female Athlete Triad: The Importance of Energy

  • 10/20/2011 5:42:00 AM
  • View Count 7893
 Kaleigh Camp, M.S.The American College of Sports Medicine refers to the female athlete triad as the interrelationships among energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density. The new Triad model has each component of the female athlete triad on a continuous spectrum. These spectrums range from a healthy state to clinical outcomes of disease, which including eating disorders, amenorrhea (absence of a menstrual period for 3 or more months), and osteoporosis. T...
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Is GU© for You?

Is GU© for You?

  • 10/19/2011 5:26:00 AM
  • View Count 3234
Emily Schmitt, Ph.D.Should I “Enhance” Athletic Performance with Dietary Products?This is one of the questions that constantly arise in the sports medicine and performance world. And to be honest, it is a difficult question to address. Researchers have studied diet manipulation for years in relation to delaying the onset of fatigue, and these studies have resulted in mixed conclusions. Scientific publications conclude that carbohydrate (products such as energy gels or ...
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Cholesterol Can Be Good. Really.

  • 10/17/2011 3:12:00 PM
  • View Count 2980
 Teak V. Lee, B.S.  What’s the first thought that comes to mind when the word “cholesterol” is mentioned? More often than not, it’s probably going to be negative. This is probably due to the bad reputation that cholesterol has gained because of its involvement in conditions such as cardiovascular disease. However, before we can make a conclusion, we need to understand the roles cholesterol plays in our bodies and the circumstances when it cau...
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Vitamin D and Exercise

Vitamin D and Exercise

  • 10/17/2011 2:48:00 PM
  • View Count 6762
Nina Laidlaw Rumler, B.A.Headlines about vitamin D abound. Is it as good as they say? How does it impact exercise and athletes?Advocates claim a wide range of proven or implied benefits, such as: Improved physical performance Bone strengthening (rickets, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, gum/tooth diseases) Strengthening of the immune system –fewer colds, flu, pneumonia, allergies. Inhibition/prevention of hypertension, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, cancer, heart dis...
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Down-side of being a female athlete

Down-side of being a female athlete

  • 10/17/2011 2:47:00 PM
  • View Count 2036
Greeshma Prabhu, B.P.T., M.S.Several decades ago, the US Government passed the Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which eliminated sex discrimination in any education program or activity receiving Federal aid. This law led to a rise in the female participation in sports over time, up to more than 150,000 women playing sports today. The “female athletic triad” is a term given to the presence of three conditions, namely disordered eating, osteoporosis, and amenorrhea, w...
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A Little Fish Oil Could Go a Long Way

A Little Fish Oil Could Go a Long Way

  • 10/17/2011 2:38:00 PM
  • View Count 2420
 Justin Dobson, Ph.D(c), CSCS, SCCC   Inflammation is a natural response to stress put on the body. It is the first step in the body’s healing process, in which repair cells are directed from the blood into the injured tissue. Acute (short-lived) inflammation is necessary, but problems arise when inflammation persists (chronic inflammation). Besides rheumatoid arthritis or tendonitis, chronic inflammation accompanies many other disease states, such as atherosc...
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“I WANT TO PUMP YOU UP” but I will need a major credit card and you will need to take 167 supplements a day.

“I WANT TO PUMP YOU UP” but I will need a major credit card and you will need to take 167 supplements a day.

  • 10/17/2011 2:29:00 PM
  • View Count 6698
David Ferguson, Ph.D RCEP  I am always amazed at the flavor of the moment products in health and fitness. I am sure we are all familiar with the shake weight, six minute abs, and Tae Bo. Truth is some of these infomercial products do offer a health benefit while others do little for you. A discussion of all the products out there aimed to improve health, reduce fat, and increase muscle would take several books to document and describe all the products. In this ...
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Bittersweet Sarcopenia

Bittersweet Sarcopenia

  • 10/17/2011 2:28:00 PM
  • View Count 2866
Nina Laidlaw Rumler, B.A.You might not have heard of sarcopenia, but it touches everyone – everyone who lives long enough to undergo this normal physiological process. A lessening of muscle mass and function, its cumulative effect is becoming a significant public health concern. Two factors contribute: lessened physical activity and increased longevity, eventually resulting in frailty in the elder years. The word means "poverty of flesh," a pitiful image. Age-related, it is ...
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